If you’re lesbian or gay and travelling abroad, it’s sensible to check the laws governing sex and sexuality in whichever country you’re visiting. Dozens of countries still imprison LGBT+ people, and nine still threaten the death penalty.

The list below shows the maximum sentences carried in each country for homosexuality or homosexual behaviour. Whilst useful as a first indicator of a country's stance, it is no means definitive and tells you very little about the specific laws in each individual location. The different offences resulting in each sentence below may be very different.

We recommend that before travelling anywhere you first check the Foreign Office website, search for the desired country, and look for guidance directed at LGBT+ people in the ‘Local laws and customs’ tab. 

It’s also worth checking guide books and talking to people from the country in question, probably starting with local LGBT+ groups, who can give you a clear idea of how the law is implemented, and what local attitudes are like.

For further information, check the International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association website.


Maximum sentences in countries that criminalise homosexuality:

India - life

Gambia - life

Ghana - life

Tanzania - life

Sierra Leone - life

Barbados - life

Guyana - life

Bangladesh - life

Malaysia - 20 years

Egypt - 17 years

Antigua and Barbuda - 15 years

Kenya - 14 years

Malawi - 14 years

Zambia - 14 years

United Emirate State - 14 years

Papua New Guinea - 14 years

Tuvalu - 14 years

Solomon Islands - 14 years

Kiribati - 14 years

Nigeria - 14 years

South Sudan - 10 years

Ethiopia - 10 years

Dominica - 10 years

Granada - 10 years

Jamaica - 10 years

Saint Kitts and Nevis - 10 years

Saint Lucia - 10 years

Sri Lanka - 10 years

Tonga - 10 years

Zimbabwe - 10 years

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines - 10 years

Botswana - 7 years

Samoa - 7 years

Qatar - 7 years

Kuwait - 6 years

Cameroon - 5 years

Senegal - 5 years

Comoros - 5 years

Mauritius - 5 years

Libya - 4 years

Morocco - 3 years

Togo - 3 years

Uzbekistan - 3 years

Guinea - 3 years

Eritrea - 3 years

Oman - 3 years

Syria - 3 years

Tunisia - 3 years

Algeria - 2 years

Burundi - 2 years

Turkmenistan - 2 years

Pakistan - 2 years

Liberia - 1 years

Bhutan - 1 years

Chad

Namibia

Sawziland


Countries that carry fines for convicted homosexuality:

Angola - fines and restrictions


Countries where a homosexuality conviction caries torture as a punishment:

Maldives - whipping for 20 strokes


Countries that carry the death penalty:

Mauritania - for Muslim men

Nigeria - northern states that approve Sharia Law

Sudan - after a third conviction

Qatar - for Muslims, for extra-marital sex

Somalia

Iran

Saudi Arabia

Yemen

Islamic State of Iraq and the Levent Afghanistan - where controlled by Al-Qaeda


For further information, check the International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association website.


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